The culture that learners experience contributes to their views and perspectives that determine what is important to them and the people around them. These become the learned behaviors that determine what learners value, how they define learning, and other decisions about how learning occurs. The authors cite differences in how deviation from expectations is perceived as an example of cultural differences that affect learners’ actions in school. Some cultures value deviation as a sign of creativity and intelligence, but others perceive the ability to copy others as a sign of intelligence. Culture, we find, provides the context in which all curriculum and all teaching is interpreted.